World History and Geography Ms. B. Reid

Bonnie Reid- 6th grade
World History/Geography
Wednesday April 18th,  April 25th and May 2 no early dismissal.  Dismissal at 3:15

PARCC TESTING - Monday April 16- Thursday April 19
Monday April 23- Thursday April 26th

 Tuesday May 1, 5:30-7:00 

Come and join ERMS teachers and staff  for games and fun night to reach out to our great community. Free Ice Cream, Free Games

Students will be exploring  the Romans  to the Middle Ages for the second semester. 
Posttest chapter 8 study guide

First Punic War-Rome defeats Carthage 241 B.C.
 Cicero-public speaker
 Aqueduct-man made channel for moving water
 Sicily-Island part of Italy
 Etruscans-rich people that influenced the growth of Rome
 Latifundia- large farming estate
 Puteoli-port city on the Bay of Naples
 First Triumvirate-Julius Caesar, Crassus, Pompey
 Plebeians- artisan, shopkeeper, and owners of small farms.
 Praetors-interpreted law and acted as judges.
Multiple Choice
What were the Twelve Tables? Rome’s set of Laws
Who could hold political office in early Rome? patricians
What was Hadrian’s Wall? Built for protection/defense
According to a traditional legend, who founded the city
of Rome? Romulus and Remus
What important political reform occurred in 287 B.C.. Council of Plebs could pass laws.
What title did Octavian take? Augustus 
What happened on March 15 in the year 44 B.C.? Caesar is killed
When did the Romans take over most of Italy? 267 B.C.
In the Second Punic War who attacked Rome? Carthage
Rome’s trade was helped because of the currency (money)

Ms. Reid information for World History
Journey Across Time Textbook:
Students can click on and go to the chapter of study 

Fall of Republic 8-3 Vocabulary


Rubicon-small river at the boundary of Caesar’s command, defeating Pompey’s army.

Actium- Battle in which Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra


Julius Caesar- Great Roman general, declared himself dictator for life.

Octavian- Caesar’s grandnephew, part of the second triumvirate

Antony- top general, part of the second triumvirate

Cicero-Rome’s greatest public speaker, writer and political leader.

Augustus- Octavian’s new name, Rome’s greatest emperor, Pax Romana


Latifundia- large farming estate, owned by the wealthy

Triumvirate- a political alliance (agreement) between 3 people.




I. The Emperor Augustus (pages 287–288)

A. The Pax Romana is the long era of peace that began with Augustus.

B. Augustus built a permanent, professional army and created a special

guard called the Praetorian Guard, who guarded him.

C. Augustus restored Rome’s splendor and fed the hungry poor of

Rome with imported grain.

D. Augustus appointed a proconsul, or governor, for each province,

replacing politicians appointed by the Senate.

E. Augustus reformed the tax system by making tax collectors

permanent workers, and he reformed the legal system by creating

a set of laws for people who were not citizens.

F. The Julio-Claudian emperors were the rulers who followed

Augustus: Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero. Caligula and Nero

were cruel leaders, and Tiberius and Claudius were competent rulers.

What lands did Augustus conquer during his reign? (Augustus’s army

conquered Spain, Gaul, and lands today known as Austria, Hungary,

Romania, and Bulgaria.)


 I. Trouble in the Republic

A. The gap between the rich patricians and the poor plebeians grew, and

farmers especially suffered.

B. Latifunda were large farming estates created when wealthy Romans

bought small farms.

C. Farmers whose land had been bought traveled to cities to try to

find jobs.

D. Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus were two wealthy brothers who tried to

reform government. They were killed.

E. Marius, a former military leader, was appointed counsel and

promised land to poor men if they became soldiers.

F. Sulla drove Marius out of Rome, declared himself dictator, and spent

three years reforming government before resigning from office.


II. Julius Caesar (pages 280–281)

A. A triumvirate is a political alliance of three people. Julius Caesar,

Crassus, and Pompey formed a triumvirate after Sulla left office.

B. Julius Caesar marched on Rome and defeated Pompey’s forces after

Crassus died in battle.

C. Caesar declared himself dictator of Rome for life and made many

changes to Rome.

D. The Julian calendar was created during Caesar’s rule. This calendar

was changed slightly in A.D. 1582, but is basically still in use today.

E. Caesar had many enemies as well as supporters. His enemies plotted

to kill him and succeeded on March 15, called the “Ides of March.”

Julius Caesar was born to a patrician family.


III. Rome Becomes an Empire (pages 282–283)

A. Octavian was Caesar’s grandnephew, who had inherited

Caesar’s wealth.

B. Antony and Lepidus were two of Caesar’s top generals.

C. Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate,

although the triumvirate began to quarrel immediately.

D. Antony fell in love with Cleopatra VII and formed an alliance with

her. Octavian declared war on Antony to keep him from taking over

the republic.

E. Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra’s forces at the Battle of


F. Cicero was a political leader, writer, and public speaker who favored

representative government and supported Octavian.

G. Octavian restored the republic with some reforms and took the title

Augustus, meaning “revered one.” This began the Roman Empire.

II. Unity and Prosperity (pages 290–294)

A. Vespasian restored order to Rome after the chaos following

Nero’s death.

B. The Jewish temple in Jerusalem was destroyed by Vespasian’s armies

in the effort to put down a Jewish rebellion.

C. Mount Vesuvius erupted and destroyed the city of Pompeii in A.D. 79.

D. The rulers known as the good emperors were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian,

Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius. The Roman Empire flourished

under their rule.

E. Aqueducts are human-made water channels for carrying water long

distances. They were created during the prosperous times of the

good emperors.

F. The Roman Empire became one of the largest empires in history

during the reign of the good emperors. The different people of the

Roman Empire were united by Roman law, Roman rule, and their

shared identity as Romans.

G. Most people were farmers who grew olives, grapes, and grain.  Other

people were artisans who traded with others inside and outside the

Roman Empire.

H. Roads and currency—a system of money—were important to the

prosperous trade that developed.

I. A gap existed between rich merchants, shopkeepers, and skilled

workers and poor farmers and city dwellers.